Lake Urmu (Azerbaijani: Urmu Goli) is salt lake in southern Azerbaijan
(north-western Iran) near Turkey. The lake is between the provinces of
East and West Azerbaijan, west of the southern portion of the similarly
shaped Caspian Sea. It is the largest lake in the Middle East, and the
third largest salt water lake on earth, with a surface area of
approximately 5,100 km².
5 year reverse counting for the death of this lake was already announced.
Some reasons for this disaster can be as follows:
-Wrong management of water resources
-Building lots of dams on the rivers which pour to this lake
-Uncontrolled digging of lots of water channels and wells that totally use the underneath water resources
-Building Shahid Kalantari free way over the sea without any kind of
essential and scientific survey and not caring about the warns of
building this free way that already Urmieh (Urmia) lake committee
warned about. Millions of tones of stone and sand from Zanbil mountain
were put in the lake , from one side they destroyed Zanbil region
nature and in another side the water of this lake was absorbed by these
sand and stones
-Frequent dry seasons and no special plan for the lake
-60 percent of the sea is totally desert.
-6 meters of the water of this lake was decreased
-The salt degree of the water from 200_220 grams salt per a liter was increased to 340_360 grams salt per a liter
-250000 hectares of the land near the lake totally changed to the salt desert
-Another disaster is destroying the life of the Artimia in the water
of this lake that almost there is no Artimia in this lake any more .
The mass death of these creatures which are one of the seven kinds
of the Artimia in the world. This mass death of the Artimia changed
the color of the water to red.
-The death of pelicans and flamingos which usually lay their eggs in this lake is another disaster
-The death danger of yellow deer, sheep and cow which are native
animals of this lake and live in the island of Urmieh lake is also
another considerable thing
-Complete destroying of the potentials and plant cover of the lake and its islands almost happening.
And the most dangerous thing is 10 billon tones salt after drying the lake which can spread in the air, farms and the cities.
We request UNESCO, UNEP and all international environment organization
to feel humanitarian and social responsibility against this disastrous
Today plant and animals natural life of this planet
and all human beings living in this ecosystem are needed to be helped
seriously by the sober global conseiences in our unique planet.
Call the government of Iran to act responsibly and quick . Also, ask
your government to put pressure on Iranian government to play its part
in environmental issues. And, help Lake Urmu to survive from this
painful and dangerous attack. Azerbaijan will be devastated if the lake
dies,The Aral Sea can be an example of what will happen to our Lake !!